Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomatida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 0 - 4 m (Ref. 116066). Subtropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Epibenthic, encrusting. Attached to algae (Ref. 116066).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
deRivera, C.E., G.M. Ruiz, J.A. Crooks, K. Wasson, S.I. Lonhart, P. Fofonoff, B.P. Steves, S.S. Rumrill, M.S. Bracato, W.S. Pegau, D.A. Bulthius, R.K. Priesler, G.C. Schooch, E. Bowlby, A. De Vogelaere, M.K. Crawford and …. 2005. (Ref. 7836)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models