Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 848). Tropical; 28°N - 34°S, 34°E - 172°W (Ref. 848)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
In most reef environments. Found on the back and foreslope of reefs and in lagoons (Ref. 98471).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
Veron, J.E.N. and G. Hodgson. 1989. (Ref. 8817)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
): 25.2 - 29.3, mean 28.5 (based on 3057 cells).