Ascidiacea | Enterogona
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 0 - 1000 m (Ref. 1603). Temperate; 72°N - 78°S, 180°W - 180°E
Indo-Pacific, Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean and the Arctic: Sub Antarctic Region, East Europe, Canadian Arctic Archipelago and South America. Cosmopolitan.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1603)
Assumed maximum total length from Refs. 1603, 2268. Known from subtidal to moderate depths (Ref. 7726). Attached to hard substrates (Refs. 1369, 7726). Benthic, marine; on ships' hulls, and harbour installations (Ref. 1134). Favours shaded locations such as covered floats (Ref. 1749). Solitary (Refs. 2268, 7726). Suspension-feeding (Ref. 3270). Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults.
Jagerskiold, L.A. 1971. (Ref. 1369)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 1.9 - 14.4, mean 7.1 (based on 1476 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)