Demospongiae | Spirophorida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 0 - 2 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 10.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Spherical to sub-spherical up to 10 cm in diameter, yellow to gray externally, lighter internally. Surface strongly hispid or furry. Porocalices abundant up to 0.3 cm wide. Oscules rare, 0.2 - 0.3 cm wide. Soft and compressible (Ref. 415).
Actual minimum depth (0.4 m) from Ref. 87163. On mangrove roots and peat greater than 0.3 m deep (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.5 - 28.3, mean 27.2 (based on 370 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)