Bivalvia | Venerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 525 m (Ref. 83435). Tropical
Eastern Pacific; Western Atlantic: North America, Hawaii and Caribbean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 10.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. )
Brightly colored, heavy shelled bivalve with long, ribbed, leafy projections in radiating rows. Commonly yellow or orange, although some are pinkish. Inside is white. Highly variable in form, lower valve conforms to the shape of the substrate, upper valve usually becomes worn and looses color and sculpture.
Lives fixed to the substrate, with lower valve cemented in place (Ref. 3248). In Belize, it was found in a submarine cave near Columbus Cay (Ref. 87209). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
DeFelice, R.C., L.G. Eldredge and J.T. Carlton. 2001. (Ref. 3248)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 14.6 - 26.3, mean 20.7 (based on 160 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)