Bivalvia | Venerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 20 - 80 m (Ref. 93550). Tropical
Indo-Pacific: from East Africa to Melanesia and Easter Island.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 10.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348); common length : 7.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348)
Minimum depth from Ref. 106682. Collected for food in some areas. Shell used as raw material to make lime and for shellcraft (Ref. 348). Found in reef areas of lagoons (Ref. 97298); from immediate subtidal to 20 m; attached to rock (Ref. 337). Strongly cemented to rock or coral platforms. At low tide levels and shallow subtidal depths (Ref. 348). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Raines, B. and M. Huber. 2012. (Ref. 93550)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 20.4 - 28.4, mean 27.3 (based on 515 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)