Carukia barnesi   Southeutt, 1967

box jelly
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Cubozoa | Carybdeida | Carybdeidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Pelagic.  Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-West Pacific: Australia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 2.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 121705)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Despite being discovered to be causing Irukandji syndrome over 50 years ago, little is known on the ecology of its early life stage. Polyp stage is suggested to be found in estuarine habitats based on observed increase in asexual reproduction under low salinity conditions. Medusa is oceanic, typically found around coral reefs, islands, and along beaches with certain conditions. Species may live in areas with high degree of osmotic variation. Population stability was achieved at temperatures between 18 and 31°C; optimum temperature was at 22.9°C (Ref. 116835). Life cycle: Eggs develop into planula stage within the egg capsules and hatch as free swimming planulae. Settled planulae metamorphose into primary polyps. Mature polyps undergo asexual reproduction through budding and develop into swimming polyps which later settle. Medusae then detach themselves from the polyp (Ref. 116640).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Life cycle: Eggs develop into planula stage within the egg capsules and hatch as free swimming planulae. Settled planulae metamorphose into primary polyps. Mature polyps undergo asexual reproduction through budding and develop into swimming polyps which later settle. Medusae then detach themselves from the polyp.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Grzimek, B. 2004. (Ref. 3078)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown