Merostomata | Xiphosura
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthopelagic; brackish. Tropical; 36°N - 12°S, 68°E - 149°E
Indo-West Pacific. Tropical to subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 69)
Found in mangrove swamps (Ref. 70). Breeds in freshwater streams (Ref. 68). Prefer to lay eggs on calm beaches with sandy to muddy bottoms (Ref. 127122).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lee, C.N. and B. Morton. 2005. (Ref. 1131)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100).