Cancer borealis   Stimpson, 1859

Jonah crab

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Cancer borealis  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Cancer borealis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Cancridae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 0 - 800 m (Ref. 367).  Subtropical, preferred 11°C (Ref. 107945); 59°N - 20°N, 85°W - 52°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Western Atlantic: from Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada to Dry Tortugas, Florida and Cuba.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 12 - 13.5 cm Max length : 16.0 cm CW male/unsexed; (Ref. 101412); max. published weight: 0.00 g

Short description Morphology

Carapace approximately 2/3 as long as wide, surface coarsely granulate; front (excluding inner orbital angles) with 3 teeth, middle one exceeding others and depressed (flattened dorsoventrally); anterolateral margins divided into 9 quadrangular lobes or teeth with margins minutely denticulate; notches between teeth continued on carapace as short, closed fissures. Pincers stout, nearly as long as second legs, carpus and hand with strong granulose rugae, upper margin of pincers denticulate, carpus with sharp inner dorsal spine. Color: red dorsally, yellow ventrally; back with 2 curved lines of yellowish spots and behind middle, a figure somewhat resembling letter H; legs mottled and reticulated with yellow and red, more or less purplish.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Minimum depth from Ref. 97531. Lives in deep water (Ref. 106868). Occurs from the intertidal zone among rocks to 800 m (Ref. 367). Common in shallow subtidal zone during summer (Ref. 106868). Small to medium-sized individuals are found near shore seasonally (especially in the south), while larger ones only occur in deeper water (Ref. 367). Moves from subtidal into low intertidal with the tide (Ref. 106868). Found in rocky bottom in association with Homarus americanus. Also on rubble and soft substrate (Ref. 97531). Feeds mainly on mollusks, echinoderms, and other invertebrates (Ref. 367). Preyed upon by gulls (Ref. 106868).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Tavares, M. 2003. (Ref. 367)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us


More information

FAO areas
Food items
Common names
Egg development

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 1.6 - 17.9, mean 6.4 (based on 149 cells).
Price category (Ref. 80766): Very high.