Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 35 m (Ref. 848). Tropical; 36°N - 31°S, 32°E - 157°E (Ref. 848)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Colony: massive, usually small. Corallites with well defined walls. Regular septa, thickened at the wall with distinct paliform lobes forming a crown around the columella. Polyps may be fleshy. Color: brown or yellow-brown, with dull green or white oral discs (Ref. 848).
Maximum depth from Ref. 98471. Found in upper (Ref. 848) to lower reef slopes (Ref. 98471). In subtidal rocks, rocky reefs, lagoons and occasionally in inter-reef soft substrate (Ref. 98471).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end.
Veron, J.E.N. and G. Hodgson. 1989. (Ref. 8817)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
): 25.2 - 29.4, mean 28.5 (based on 1061 cells).