Gymnolaemata | Ctenostomata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 20 - 70 m (Ref. 86508). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic, Indo-Pacific and the Mediterranean Sea: USA to Ecuador and Galapagos Island. Tropical and subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Depth range reported from Colombia (Ref. 86508). In warm temperate to tropical waters (Ref. 874), attached to mangrove roots (Ref. 86536). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Soule, J.D. 1963. (Ref. 874)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 10.2 - 27.1, mean 21.7 (based on 185 cells).