Demospongiae | Agelasida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 9 - 12 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Laterally fused tubes running on branches (Ref. 81728): up to 50 cm long, 10 - 20 cm in diameter. Light to purplish brown externally, yellow to tan internally. The surface is smooth, with meandering groves occasionally. Oscules on the inner walls of the tubes few millimeters in diameter (Ref. 415).
Coral reefs, usually below 10 m in depth (Ref. 415). Also occurs in mangrove ponds (Ref. 86789). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 26.1 - 28.1, mean 27 (based on 188 cells).
Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100)