Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 2000 m (Ref. 87091). Tropical; 24°N - 8°N, 92°W - 58°W (Ref. 847)
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean Sea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Colonies form a complex of thin upright bifacial fronds which have thin margins. They are usually contorted, elongate, and divide irregularly. Corallites are in valleys which is generally concentric and les than 50 millimeters long. Brown, greenish or rust in color, sometimes with pale margins of septo-costae and sometimes with orange tentacles.
Zooxanthellate (Ref. 116012). Common along the Caribbean continental coast. Very common in Bocas del Torro, Panama; does not occur in Florida or the Bahamas (Ref. 415). This species exists almost exclusively in conspecific aggregations (Ref. 87225).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
): 6.3 - 16.7, mean 10.3 (based on 90 cells).