Bivalvia | Ostreoida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 400 m (Ref. 78075), usually 15 - 50 m (Ref. 106788). Temperate, preferred 12°C (Ref. 107945); 68°N - 15°N, 32°W - 36°E (Ref. 113881)
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. Temperate to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 11.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 78075); max. reported age: 8 years (Ref. 8702)
Max depth range from Ref. 113966. Suspension feeder (Ref. 3477). Found on sand, mud, gravel; also associated with maerl beds and mussel beds (Ref. 114800). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Demir, M. 2003. (Ref. 2754)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO(Aquaculture: production; fisheries: production) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 7 - 15.9, mean 10.1 (based on 520 cells).
Prior r = 0.56, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.84, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Low vulnerability (22 of 100)