Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 25 m (Ref. 8294). Tropical; 30°N - 34°S, 27°E - 135°W (Ref. 846)
Indo-Pacific. Tropical and subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 49.0 cm COLD male/unsexed; (Ref. 269); common length : 49.0 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 269)
This is the classic "staghorn coral", with aborescent growth form and branches usually less than 50 cm in length. Colonies are composed of smooth appearing, straight branches less than 2 cm thick; branching is irregular such that colonies from thickets which often dominate large areas of lagoon in shallow and intermediate depths (Ref. 269).
Depth based from occurrence record (Ref. 8294); to be replaced with a better reference. Dominates large areas of lagoon in shallow and intermediate depths (Ref. 269). Has high bleaching level and high estimated mortality in Palau (Ref. 66144).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
Hodgson, G. 1998. (Ref. 269)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 24.8 - 29.3, mean 28.4 (based on 3503 cells).
Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100).