Ophiuroidea | Amphilepidida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; brackish; depth range 5 - 40 m (Ref. 85345). Temperate
Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea: Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China). Temperate and subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Inhabit estuarine and inshore areas, in mud or substrates of silt to fine sand. A microvore that feeds on organic detritus as well as a carnivore-scavenger (Ref. 96352). Free-living (Ref. 3123).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Ophiuroidea are mostly gonochoric, others are protandric. Fertilization is external. Brooding is common, bursae is used as brood chambers where the embryos develop into juveniles and later crawl out from the bursal slits. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into free-swimming planktotrophic larvae and later metamorphose into tiny brittle stars which sink down the bottom where they grow into adult form.
Garmendia, J.M., J.M. Parada and J. Mora. 2003. (Ref. 2795)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 8.4 - 12.4, mean 10.3 (based on 164 cells).