Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848). Tropical; 36°N - 27°S, 32°E - 172°W (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa including Red Sea, Indonesia to Melanesia, north to Japan and south to New Caledonia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Formation: massive, often hemispherical and over 0.5 m across. Corallites: up to 25 mm diameter and cerioid, becoming plocoid on the colony sides. Septa: mostly uniform, with large teeth. Thick fleshy tissue over the skeleton present. Color: uniformly blue-gray, or mixtures of gray, brown, cream and green; mouth, oral disc and walls usually in contrasting color (Ref. 848).
Occurs in shallow, partly protected reef environments away from high wave action (Refs. 848, 98471) (Ref. 848).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end.
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 848)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
): 25.5 - 29.1, mean 28.1 (based on 984 cells).