Bivalvia | Veneroida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 521 m (Ref. 108343). Temperate
Western Indian Ocean, Northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 2.5 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7882)
Species' maximum length from the Belgian part of the North Sea (Ref. 7882). Inhabit sandbanks and inshore areas (Ref. 96352). Common in near-coastal zone, rarely further than 30 km off the coast. Found buried deep in almost all sediment types but prefer fine-grained to muddy substrates; rare in coarse substrates. Feeds through its long, individually separated and stretchable siphons (Ref. 7882). Known as a surface deposit feeder (Refs. 96214, 96292). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Degraer, S., J. Wittoeck, W. Appeltans, K. Cooreman, T. Deprez, H. Hillewaert, K. Hostens, J. Mees, E. Vanden Berghe and M. Vincx. 2006. (Ref. 7882)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 6.7 - 13.1, mean 8.8 (based on 495 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)