International Introductions of Littorina littorea
Introductions as compiled by FAO
Main Ref. Bartley, D.M. (comp./ed.), 2006
To United States of America
FAO area
From Western Europe
FAO area
Year 1840
Period 19th century
Established in the Wild yes, self reproducing
Established in Aquaculture
Significant Ecological Interactions yes - adverse
Significant Socio-economic Effects
Introduced by unknown
Reason fisheries
Other Reason accidental
Comments The introduction of this species have had little or no economic impact but has fundamentally altered the distribution and abundance of algae on rocky shores, altered hard-bottom, soft-bottom, and salt marsh habitat dynamics, negatively interacted with native species.
Entered by Conejar - Espedido, Jeniffer
Back to Search
Fish Introductions Table
Comments & Corrections
Back to Top
cfm script by , 13.10.04 ,  php script by , 08/05/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 08/24/17