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Buccinum undatum   Linnaeus, 1758

Waved whelk

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2050
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Buccinum undatum  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Buccinum undatum

Belgium country information

Common names: [No common name]
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: highly commercial | Ref:
Aquaculture: commercial | Ref:
Regulations: no regulations | Ref:
Uses: no uses
National Checklist:
Country Information:
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Shalmerdine, R.L., J. Adamson, C.H. Laurenson and B. Leslie (neé Mouat), 2007
National Database:

Common names from other countries

Classification / Names / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS

Gastropoda > Neogastropoda () > Buccinidae (buccinum whelks)

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 0 - 600 m (Ref. 78657).   Temperate, preferred 11°C (Ref. 107945); 85°N - 36°N, 110°W - 45°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Arctic, Northern Atlantic and the Mediterranean: Canadian Arctic Archipelago and the Atlantic Ocean. Temperate to polar climates.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - 7.2 cm Max length : 10.2 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 360); common length : 5.1 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 360)

Short description Morphology

Shell: not very thick, solid, conical spire, generally high, sometimes rather flattened spires, very convex whorls and markedly impressed suture; ovoidal aperture, outer lip is not thickened or toothed, lacks inner folds; columellar lip has a fairly striking callus, partly adheres to the ventral surface of the body whorl; sculpture has almost equidistant spiral grooves and quite big axial ribs that tend to fade at the edge of the body whorl and are generally sinous; yellowish white or light hazel in color; periostracum is light chestnut in color and not very resistant; operculum is horny, smaller than the aperture, has a central nucleus. Body: large foot, whole body cream with blackish patches; head has a pair of tentacles with an eye at the base of each, long proboscis; well-developed siphon; radula is rachnioglossan.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum depth from Ref. 106864. Common in the continental shelf (Ref. 106864). Common in the subtidal to 200 m depth in the northern Atlantic (Ref. 78657). Usually found on hard bottoms (Ref. 95730), as well as soft bottoms from 5 to 600 m (Ref. 106864). Also found to occur in areas with sludge (Ref. 96352). Relatively sedentary (Ref. 106864). It is a necrophagous, scavenger species (Ref. 96498). Feeds on polychaetes, mollusks, echinoderms and other smaller crustaceans (Ref. 106864). Also found in mud, sand, gravel and rocks (Ref. 78654).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Females gather in groups to deposit eggs in a communal mass of egg capsules where veligers develop and metamorphose inside and later hatch out as young individuals (Ref. 360).

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Harms, J. 1993. (Ref. 2711)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO - Fisheries: landings, species profile | FishSource | Sea Around Us


Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7 - 11.8, mean 9.8 (based on 337 cells).
Resilience (Ref. 69278) Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.2-0.22; tm=7.5).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 1 data-limited stock assessment.
Price category (Ref. 80766): Medium.