Biodiversity in Northern Marianas Islands (MNP)
  FishBase Complete Literature Reference
Species Families Species Families
Marine 617 154 No 943
Freshwater 1 1 No
Total 620 156 No
Geography and Climate Northern Mariana Islands located in Oceania, islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines. Area comparatively 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC. Climate is tropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to June, rainy season July to October. Terrain consists of southern islands are limestone with level terraces and fringing coral reefs; northern islands are volcanic. Elevation extreme has the lowest point in the Pacific Ocean 0 m and highest point and unnamed location on Agrihan 965 m. Natural resources are arable land, fish. Land use: arable land: 21%, permanent crops: NA%, permanent pastures: 19%. Natural hazards are active volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan; typhoons (especially August to November). Environment—current issues: contamination of groundwater on Saipan may contribute to disease; clean-up of landfill; protection of endangered species conflicts with development Geography—note: strategic location in the North Pacific Ocean.

Ref.  Anonymous, 1999
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