Biodiversity in Cuba (CUB)
  FishBase Complete Literature Reference
Species Families Species Families
Marine 1758 439 No
Freshwater 40 7 No
Total 1803 447 No
Conservation The following information is to be sought: - Status of knowledge of the freshwater fauna; - Existence of conservation plans; - Information on major aquatic habitats or sites within the country; - Current major threats to species; - Future potential threats to species; - Contact(s) for further information.
Geography and Climate Cuba is located in Caribbean, it's an island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Florida. Area comparatively slightly smaller than Pennsylvania. Total land boundary is 29 km, border countries are US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay 29 km note: Guantanamo Naval Base is leased by the US and thus remains part of Cuba. Cuba has a tropical climate; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October). Terrain consists mostly of flat to rolling plains with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast. Elevation extreme has the lowest point in Caribbean Sea 0 m and highest point in Pico Turquino 2,005 m. Natural resources are cobalt, nickel, iron ore, copper, manganese, salt, timber, silica, petroleum. Land use: arable land: 24%, permanent crops: 7%, permanent pastures: 27%, forests and woodland: 24%, other: 18% (1993 est.), Irrigated land: 9,100 sq km (1993 est.). Natural hazard in the east coast is subject to hurricanes from August to October (in general, the country averages about one hurricane every other year); droughts are common. Environment—current issues: pollution of Havana Bay; overhunting threatens wildlife populations; deforestation Geography—note: largest country in Caribbean

Ref.  Anonymous, 1999
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