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References used for species in the Family Trochidae
( Top shells )
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[ n = 242 ] 
Abbott, R.T., 1991 Seashells of South East Asia. Graham Bash, Singapore. 145 p.
Abbott, R.T. and P.A. Morris, 2001 A field guide to shells: Atlantic and Gulf Coasts and the West Indies. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
Abukena, S.L., Y. Wardiatno, I. Budiandi and A. Khouw, 2014 Study of Trochus niloticus growth population as determination base of number and harvest time distance in Rhun Island waters. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Scienc 7(2):43-49.
Adami, M.L. and S. Gordillo, 1999 Structure and dynamics of the biota associated with Macrocystis pyrifera (Phaeophyta) from the Beagle Channel, Tierra del Fuego. Sci. Mar. 63(Suppl 1):183-191.
Al-Ansi, M.A. and J.A. Al-Khayat, 1999 Preliminary study on coral reef and its associated biota in Qatari waters, Arabian Gulf. Qatar Univ. Sci J. 19:294-311.
Al-Khayat, J.A., 1997 The marine Mollusca of the Qatari waters, Arabian Gulf. Qatar Univ. Sci. J. 17(2):479-491.
Al-Yamani, F.Y., V. Skryabin, N. Boltachova, N. Revkov, M. Makarov, V. Grinstov and E. Kolesnikova, 2012 Illustrated Atlas on the Zoobenthos of Kuwait. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research.
Allen, G.R. and S.A. McKenna, 2001 A marine Rapid Assessment of the Togean and Banggai Islands, Sulawesi, Indonesia. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 20, Conservation International, Washington, DC.
Allen, M.J., T. Mikel, D.. Cadien, J.E. Kalman, E.T. Jarvis, K.C. Schiff, D.W. Diehl, S.L. Moore, S. Walther, G. Deets, C. Cash, S. Watts, D.J. Pondella, V. Raco-Rands, C. Thomas, R. Gartman, L. Sabin, W. Power, A. Groce, J. Armstrong, 2007 Appendix F - Glossary and Nomenclature. [Accessed 31/05/2017].
Alves, F., L. Chicharo, A. Nogueira and J. Regala, 2003 Changes in benthic community structure due to clam dreging on the Algarve coast and the importance of seasonal analysis. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 83:719-729.
Ambrose, R.F., 1984 Food preferences, prey availability, and the diet of Octopus bimaculatus Verrill. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 77:29-44.
Andrew, N. and M. Francis, 2003 The living reef. The ecology of New Zealand's rocky reefs. Craig Potton Publishing, New Zealand. 283pp.
ANS, Academy of Natural Sciences, 2007 Academy of Natural Sciences OBIS Mollusc Database [Darwin Core]. (accessed through GBIF data portal, 13/09/2007)
ANS, Academy of Natural Sciences, 2007 Academy of Natural Sciences Malacology Database. Accessed through GBIF data portal, 13/09/2007.
Arnaud, P.M., 1974 Contribution à la bionomie marine benthique des régions antarctiques et subantarctiques. Téthys 6(3):467-653.
Asgari, M., F.A. Yekta and S. Izadi, 2012 Dominant intertidal crustacean and gastropod species in Qeshm Island, Iran, northern Persian Gulf. Marine Biodiversity Records 5:1-8.
Atkinson, E.G. and J.W. Wacasey, 1976 Caloric values of zoobenthos and phytobenthos from the Canadian Arctic. Department of the Environment, Fishieries and Marine Service, Technical Report 632:1-23.
Atlas of Living Australia, 2015 Stomatella auricula.;jsessionid=E42DD223B3B3809A9F09C525DA91223F [Accessed 3/11/2015].
Atlas of Living Australia., 2010 Trochus histrio Reeve, 1848. [Accessed 1/16/2015].
Balazy, P., P. Kuklinski, M. Wlodarska-Kowalczuk, D. Barnes, M. Kedra, J. Legezynska and J.M. Weslawski, 2015 Hermit crabs (Pagurus spp.) at their northernmost range: distribution, abundance and shell use in the European Arctic. Polar Research 34:1-17.
Batoy, C.B., 2050 Survey of the marine macrobenthic invertebrate fauna of coastal waters in selected places in Leyte and vicinity. Department of Plant Protection, Visayas State College of Agricultre, ViSCA, Baybay, Leyte 7127. pp 1-284.
Beck, L.A., 1995 Zur Systematik und Evolution europäischer Trochiden (Kreiselschnecken) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Gattung Gibbula Risso, 1826, Osilinus Philippi, 1847 und Jujubinus Monterosato, 1884 (Gastropoda, Prosobranchia). Dissertation am Fachbereich der Philipps-Universität Marburg.
Bell, L.J., 1992 Reproduction and larval development of the West Indian topshell, Cittarium pica (Trochidae), in the Bahamas. Bulletin of Marine Science 51(2):250-266.
Benkendorff, K., 2005 Intertidal molluscan and echinoderm diversity at Althorpe Island and Innes National Park, South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 129(2):145-157.
Bergmann, M., N. Langwald, J. Ontrup, T. Soltwedel, I. Schewe, M. Klages and T.W. Nattkemper, 2011 Megafaunal assemblages from two shelf stations west of Svalbard. Marine Biology Research 7:523-539.
Bernárdez, C., J. Freire and E. González-Gurriarán, 2000 Feeding of the spider crab Maja squinado in rocky subtidal areas of the Ría de Arousa (north-west Spain). J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 80:95-102.
Berschauer, D.P. and L.G. Ros, 2014 A survey of mollusks collected in Aruba. The Festivus 45(3):54-61.
Bhuiyan, M.M.S., 2021 Malacofaunal diversity in Sonadia Island of Bangladesh. The Journal of Chandpur Government College 1(1):119-138.
Birkeland, C. and H. Manner, 1989 Resource survey of Ngerukewid Islands Wildlife Preserve, Republic of Palau. A report to the government of Palau, the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, World Wildlife Fund, and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, 202p.
Bisby, F.A., M.A. Ruggiero, K.L. Wilson, M. Cachuela-Palacio, S.W. Kimani, Y.R. Roskov, A. Soulier-Perkins and J. van Hertum, 2005 Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2005 Annual Checklist. CD-ROM; Species 2000: Reading, U.K.
Blackmore, G., 2001 Interspecific variation in heavy metal body concentrations in Hong Kong marine invertebrates. Environmental Pollution 114:303-311.
Blanchard, A.L., C.L. Parris, A.L. Knowlton and N.R. Wade, 2013 Benthic ecology of the northeastern Chukchi Sea. Part II. Spatial variation of megafaunal community structure, 2009-2010. Cotinental Shelf Research 67:67-76.
Boletzky, S.V. and R.T. Hanlon, 1983 A review of the laboratory maintenance, rearing and culture of cephalopod molluscs. 44:147-187. In C.F.E. Roper, C.C. Lu and F.G. Hochberg (eds.) Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria: Proceedings of the Workshop on the Biology and Resource Potential of Cephalopods, Melbourne, Australia, 9-13 March, 1981.
Bosch, D.T., S.P. Dance, R.G. Moolenbeek and P.G. Oliver, 1995 Seashells of Eastern Arabia. Emirates Printing Press: Dubai. 296p.
Bright, T.J., 2010 A list of species from Glover's Reef Atoll, Belize. Wildlife Conservation Society. [Accessed 22/11/2010].
Brook, F.J., 1998 The coastal molluscan fauna of the northern Kermadec Islands, Southwest Pacific Ocean. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 28(2):185-233.
Camp, D.K., W.G. Lyons and T.H. Perkins, 1998 Checklists of Selected Shallow-Water Marine Invertbrates of Florida. Florida Marine Reasearch Istitute Technical Reports TR-3.
Carlier, A., P. Riera, J.-M. Amouroux, J.-Y. Bodiou and A. Grémare, 2007 Benthic trophic network in the Bay of Banyuls-sur-Mer (northwest Mediterranean, France): an assessment based on stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes analysis. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 72(1-2):1-15.
Carpenter, K.E. and N. De Angelis (eds.), 2016 The living marine resources of the Eastern Central Atlantic. Vol. 2: Bivalves, gastropods, hagfishes, sharks, batoid fishes, and chimaeras. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes, Rome, FAO. pp. 665-1509.
Carpenter, K.E., F. Krupp, D.A. Jones and U. Zajonz, 1997 FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of Kuwait, Eastern Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. Rome, FAO. 293 p. 17 colour plates.
Cheng, M.C.F., K.K.Y. Ho, J.C. Astudillo and S. Cannicci, 2023 An updated ecological assessment of floral and faunal communities of mangrove habitats in Tolo Harbour and Channel, Hong Kong. Regional Studies in Marine Science 59(102807):1-12.
Cheung, P.-S.C., 1991 An intertidal survey of Cape d'Aguilar, Hong Kong with special reference to the ecology of high-zoned rock pools. Hong Kong: Pok Fu Lam, University of Hong Kong, MSc Thesis, 264 p.
Chou, L.M. and K.S. Tan, 2008 Corals, worms, and molluscs: Cnidaria, Playhelminthes, Nemertea, Annelida, Brachiopoda, Mollusca. In pp. 39-61, Davison, G.W.H.; Ng, P.K.L.; Ho, H.C., 2008. The Singapore Red Data Book: Threatened plants and animals of Singapore. Singapore: The Nature Society, 285pp.
CMFRI, 2015 Annual report 2014-15. Central Marine Fisheries Institute, Cochin. 353 p.
Cusson, M., P. Archambault and A. Aitken, 2007 Biodiversity of benthic assemblages on the Arctic continental shelf: historical data form Canada. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 331:291-304.
Dance, S.P., R.G. Moolenbeek and H. Dekker, 1992 Umbonium eloiseae (Gastropoda: Trochidae), a new trochid species from Masirah Island, Oman. J. Conch., Lond. 34:231-235.
Datta, S.N., S.K. Chakraborty, A.K. Jaiswar and G. Ziauddin, 2010 A comparative study on intertidal faunal biodiversity of selected beaches of Mumbai coast. Journal of Environmental Biology 31(6):981-986.
Dautzenberg, P., 1923 Liste préliminaire des mollusques marins de Madagascar et description de deux espèces nouvelles. Jounal de conchologie 68:21-74.
De Jong, K.M. and H.E. Coomans, 1988 Marine gastropods from Curaçao, Aruba and Bonaire (Vol. 69). Brill Archive.
De Silva, D., 2006 Current status of taxonomy and ecology of marine molluscs in Sri Lanka. pp. 274-287. In C.N.B. Bambaradeniya (ed.), The Fauna of Sri Lanka: Status of Taxonomy, Research and Conservation. The World Conservation Union, Colombo, Sri Lanka & Government of Sri Lanka.
Debelius, H., 2001 Nudibranchs and sea snails: Indo-Pacific field guide. Unterwasserarchiv, IKAN, frankfurt, Germany, 3rd ed. 321 pp.
Debrot, A.O., 1990 Temporal aspects of population dynamics and dispersal behavior of the West Indian topshell, Cittarium pica (L.), at selected sites in the Exuma Cays, Bahamas. Bulletin of Marine Science 47(2):431-447.
Debrot, A.O., 1990 Survival, growth, and fecundity of the West Indian topshell, Cittarium pica (Linnaeus), in various rocky intertidal habitats of the Exuma Cays, Bahamas. The Veliger 33(4):363-371.
Dekker, H., 2018 A note on the genus Rubritrochus (Gastropoda, Vetigastropoda, Trochidae), with descriptions of five new species. Basteria 82:1-14.
del Norte-Campos, A.G.C., L.A. Burgos and K.A.S. Sanchez, 2020 A field guide to the commercially important mollusks of Panay, Philippines. University of the Philippines Visayas (UPV):213p.
Demir, M., 2003 Shells of mollusca collected from the seas of Turkey. Turkey Journal of Zoology 27:101-140.
Desbruyères, D., M. Segonzac and M. Bright (eds.), 2006 Handbook of Deep-sea Hydrothermal Vent Fauna. Second completely revised edition. Denisia 18:544 pp.
Dolorosa, R.G. and S. Schoppe, 2005 Focal benthic mollusks (Mollusca: Bivalvia and Gastropoda) of selected sites in Tubbataha Reefs National Marine Park, Palawan, Philippines. Science Diliman 17(2):1-10.
Dolorosa, R.G., R.M. Picardal and S.F. Conales Jr., 2015 Bivalves and gastropods of Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park, Philippines. Check List 11(1):1506.
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FAO-FIES, 2007 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 03/07/2008].
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Feder, H.M. and S.C. Jewett, 1977 Trawl survey of the epifaunal invertebrates of Norton Sound, southeastern Chukchi Sea, and Kotzebue Sound. Final Report to NOAA. R.U. No. 502. 148 p.
Feder, H.M., N.R. Foster, S.C. Jewett, T.J. Weingartner and R. Baxter, 1994 Mollusks in the Northeastern Chukchi Sea. Arctic 47:145-163
Ferriter, A., B. Doren, R. Winston, D. Thayer, B. Miller, B. Thomas, M. Barrett, T. Pernas, S. Hardin, J. Lane, M. Kobza, D. Schmitz, M. Bodle, L. Toth, Pratt, P. Rodgers, S. Snow and C. Goodyear, 2008 Chapter 9: The Status of Nonindigenous Species in the South Florida Environment. 2008 South Florida Environmental Report.
Finlay, H.J., 1928 The recent Mollusca of the Chatham Islands. Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 59:232-286.
Florida Museum of Natural History, 2014 Pseudostomatella papyracea (Gmelin, 1791). Dataset: Invertebrate Zoology, Accessed via on 2015-07-15.
Florida Museum of Natural History, 2014 Trochus histrio Reeve, 1842. Dataset: Invertebrate Zoology, Accessed via on 2015-07-16.
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