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References used for species in the Family Arcidae
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[ n = 268 ] 
Abaza, V., C. Dumitrache and E. Dumitrescu, 2010 Structure and distribution of the main molluscs from the Romanian marine areas designated for their growth and exploitation. Recherches Marines-Cercetări Marine 39: 137-152.
Abbott, R.T., 1991 Seashells of South East Asia. Graham Bash, Singapore. 145 p.
Adjeroud, M., S. Andréfouët and C. Payri, 2001 Mass mortality of macrobenthic communities in the lagoon of Hikueru atoll (French Polynesia). Coral Reefs 19:287-291.
Afiati, N., 2013 Gonad maturation of two intertidal blood clams Anadara granosa (L.) and Anadara antiquata (L.)(Bivalvia: Arcidae) in Central Java. Journal of Coastal Development 10(2): 105-113.
Al-Ansi, M.A. and J.A. Al-Khayat, 1999 Preliminary study on coral reef and its associated biota in Qatari waters, Arabian Gulf. Qatar Univ. Sci J. 19:294-311.
Al-Khayat, J.A., 1997 The marine Mollusca of the Qatari waters, Arabian Gulf. Qatar Univ. Sci. J. 17(2):479-491.
Al-Khayat, J.A. and M.A. Al-Ansi, 2008 Ecological features of oyster beds distribution in Qatari waters, Arabian Gulf. Asian Journal of Scientific Research 1(6):544-561.
Al-Yamani, F.Y., V. Skryabin, N. Boltachova, N. Revkov, M. Makarov, V. Grinstov and E. Kolesnikova, 2012 Illustrated Atlas on the Zoobenthos of Kuwait. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research.
Alexander, R.R., 1993 Correlation of shape and habit with sediment grain-size for selected species of the bivalve Anadara. Lethaia 26(2):153-162.
Ali, M.H., H.K. Ahmed, H.H. Mohammed and J.M. Al-Zwar, 2017 Five bivalve species from the recently discovered coral reef in the marine coastal waters of Iraq. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 7(8):17-21.
Allan, G.R. and G.S. Stone, 2005 Rapid Assessment Survey of Tsunami-affected Reefs of Thailand. Final technical Report 02-05: 124 p.
Allen, G.R. and S.A. McKenna, 2001 A marine Rapid Assessment of the Togean and Banggai Islands, Sulawesi, Indonesia. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 20, Conservation International, Washington, DC.
Altena, C.O. van R., 1975 The marine Mollusca of Suriname (Dutch Guiana), holocene and recent. Pt. 3 Gastropoda and Cephalopoda. Zool. Verh. Rijksmus. Nat. Hist. Leiden 139:104p.
ANS, Academy of Natural Sciences, 2007 Academy of Natural Sciences OBIS Mollusc Database [Darwin Core]. (accessed through GBIF data portal, 13/09/2007)
Apostolidis, C.A. and K.I. Stergiou, 2008 A preliminary compilation of life-history data for Mediterranean marine invertebrates. In Palomares, M.L.D., Pauly, D. (Eds.), Von Bertalanffy Growth Parameters of Non-fish Organisms. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 16(10). Fisheries Centre, University of British Colombia [ISSN 1198-6727], pp. 102-121.
Arruda, E.P., O. Domaneschi and A.C.Z. Amaral, 2003 Mollusc feeding guilds on sandy beaches in São Paulo State, Brazil. Mar. Biol. 143:691-701.
Australian Faunal Directory, 2015 Anadara vellicarta Reeve, 1844.;jsessionid=7052A4AC8ACED235B43018F6D0891A93 [Accessed 05/15/2015].
Bartley, D.M. (comp./ed.), 2006 Introduced species in fisheries and aquaculture: information for responsible use and control (CD-ROM). Rome, FAO.
Batoy, C.B., 2050 Survey of the marine macrobenthic invertebrate fauna of coastal waters in selected places in Leyte and vicinity. Department of Plant Protection, Visayas State College of Agricultre, ViSCA, Baybay, Leyte 7127. pp 1-284.
Bernard, F.R., 1979 Bivalve mollusks of the western Beaufort Sea. Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) 313:1-80.
Bernard, F.R., S.M. McKinnell and G.S. Jamieson, 1991 Distribution and zoogeography of the Bivalvia of the Eastern Pacific Ocean. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 112:60 pp.
Bernard, F.R., Y.Y. Cai and B. Morton, 1993 Catalogue of the living marine bivalve molluscs of China. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. 121 p.
Berthou, P., J.M. Poutiers, P. Goulletquer and J.C. Dao, 2009 Shelled molluscs. In Fisheries and Aquaculture, from Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), Developed under the Auspices of the UNESCO, Eolss Publishers, Oxford, UK, [].
Bi, Z. and Z. Xu, 1989 Exploration and rational utilization of Arca inflata in Bohai Sea and Yellow China Sea. Fisheries Science and Technology Information 16(6):182-184.
Bieler, R. and P.M. Mikkelsen, 2004 Marine bivalves of the Florida Keys: A qualitative faunal analysis based on original collections, museum holdings and literature data. Malacologia 46(2):503-544.
Bisby, F.A., M.A. Ruggiero, K.L. Wilson, M. Cachuela-Palacio, S.W. Kimani, Y.R. Roskov, A. Soulier-Perkins and J. van Hertum, 2005 Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2005 Annual Checklist. CD-ROM; Species 2000: Reading, U.K.
Bisby, F.A., Y.R. Roskov, T.M. Orrell, D. Nicolson, L.E. Paglinawan, N. Bailly, P.M. Kirk, T. Bourgoin and J. van Hertum (eds.), 2008 Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2008 Annual Checklist. CD-ROM; Species 2000: Reading, U.K.
Bluhm, B.A., I.R. MacDonald, C. Debenham and K. Iken, 2005 Macro- and megabenthic communities in the high Arctic Canada Basin: initial findings. Polar Biology 28:218-231.
Boehs, G., T. Monteiro-Absher and A. da Cruz-Kaled, 2004 Composition and distribution of benthic mollusc on intertidal flats of Paranaguá Bay (Paraná, Brazil). Scientia Marina 68(4):537-543.
Boonruang, P. and V. Janekarn, 1983 Distribution, density, biomass and population bionomics of Anadara granosa (L.) in relation to environmental factors at Sapum Bay on the east coast of Phuket Island. Thai. Fish. Gaz. 36:461-468.
Borda, C.A. and R. Cruz, 2004 Crecimiento y tasa de mortalidad del bivalvo Anadara tuberculosa (Sowerby, 1833) en el Pacífico Colombiano. Rev. Invest. Mar. 25(3):177-184.
Bordda, C.A. and R. Cruz, 2004 Crecimiento y tasas de mortalidad del bivalvo Anadara tuberculosa (Sowerby, 1833) en el Pacífico colombiano. Revista de Investigaciones Marinas 25:177-184.
Brook, F.J., 1998 The coastal molluscan fauna of the northern Kermadec Islands, Southwest Pacific Ocean. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 28(2):185-233.
Broom, M.J., 1985 The biology and culture of the marine bivalve molluscs of the genus Anadara. ICLARM Stud. Rev. 12, 37p.
Broom, M.J., 1982 Analysis of the growth of Anadara granosa (L.) (Bivalavia: Arcidae) in natural, artificially seeded and experimental populations. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 9:69-79.
Broom, M.J., 1982 Size selection, consumption rates and growth of the gastropoda Natica maculosa Lamarck and Thais carinifera (Lamarck) preying on the bivalve Anadara granosa (L.). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 56:213-233.
Broom, M.J., 1983 Mortality and production in natural, artificially-seeded and experimental populations of Anadara granosa (Bivalvia: Arcidae). Oecologia (Berlin) 58:389-397.
Brunt, M.A. and J.E. Davies, 2012 The Cayman Islands: natural history and biogeography. Springer Science and Business Media, 604 pp.
Cai, Y. and G. Liu, 2004 Bivalvia (Mollusca) in Nansha Islands, China. Journal of Zhanjiang Ocean University 24(1):1-8.
Carlier, A., E. Le Guilloux, K. Olu, J. Sarrazin, F. Mastrototaro, M. Taviani and J. Clavier, 2009 Trophic relationships in a deep Mediterranean cold-water coral bank (Santa Maria di Leuca, Ionian Sea). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 397:125-137.
Carpenter, K.E. (ed.), 2002 The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Volume 1: Introduction, molluscs, crustaceans, hagfishes, sharks, batoid fishes, and chimaeras. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes and American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Special Publication No. 5, Rome. 600pp.
Carpenter, K.E. and N. De Angelis (eds.), 2016 The living marine resources of the Eastern Central Atlantic. Vol. 2: Bivalves, gastropods, hagfishes, sharks, batoid fishes, and chimaeras. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes, Rome, FAO. pp. 665-1509.
Carpenter, K.E. and V.H. Niem, 1998 FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 1. Seaweeds, corals bivalves and gastropods. Rome, FAO. P. 686.
Cheung, W.L., R. Watson and D. Pauly, 2013 Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch. Nature 497:365-368.
Chikina, M.V. and N.V. Kucheruk, 2004 Contemporary dynamics of coastal benthic communities of the north Caucasian coast of the Black Sea. In Öztürk, B., Mokievsky, V.O. and Topaloğlu, B. (Eds.), International Workshop On Black Sea Benthos. Published by Turkish Marine Research Foundation Turkey 2004 245 pp.
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Chongpeepien, T., 1988 Bivalve mollusc culture research in Thailand. Worldfish, 170p.
CIESM, 2016 Arcidae arc clams, Anadara inaequivalvis (Bruguière, 1789). CIESM The Mediterranean Science Commission. [Accessed: 20/06/2016].
Coloma, C., H.I. Moyano, V.H. Ruiz and M. Marchant, 2004 Moluscos litorales de Isla de Pascua, Chile, recolectados por la expedicion CIMAR 5 - Islas Oceanicas I. Ciencia y Tecnologia del Mar 27(1):79-94.
Cusson, M., P. Archambault and A. Aitken, 2007 Biodiversity of benthic assemblages on the Arctic continental shelf: historical data form Canada. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 331:291-304.
Dall, W.H., P. Bartsch and H.A. Rehder, 1938 A manual of the recent and fossil marine pelecypod mollusks of the Hawaiian Islands. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin, Honolulu 153:1-233 + plates 1-58.
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Degner, R.L., T.B. Southwell, L.N. Sturmer and K.L. Morgan, 2005 Marketing opportunities for two ark clam species: blood ark clams (Anadara ovalis) and ponderous ark clams (Noetia ponderosa). Industry Report 05-1. Submitted in partial fulfillment of USDA-CREES Grant No. 2002-34453-11946. Cooperative Extension Service and Florida Agricultural Market Research Center, Food and Resource Economics Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Gainsville, Florida.
Demir, M., 2003 Shells of mollusca collected from the seas of Turkey. Turkey Journal of Zoology 27:101-140.
Evssev, G.A. and K.A. Lutaenko, 1998 Bivalves of the subfamily Anadarinae (Arcidae) from Vietnam. Malacological Review supplement 7:1-37.
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FAO, 2015 Species Fact Sheets: Anadara granosa (Linnaeus, 1758). [Accessed 4/21/2015].
FAO, 2016 Blood cockle - Anadara granosa - Arcidae - Bivalvia - BLC. Aquatic Species Distribution Map Viewer [Accessed 15/03/2016].
FAO-FIES, 2016 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 15/04/2016].
FAO-FIES, 2007 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 03/07/2008].
FAO-FIES, 2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
Félix-Pico, E.F., M. Ramírez-Rodríguez and O. Holguín-Quiñones, 2009 Growth and fisheries of the Black Ark Anadara tuberculosa, a bivalve mollusk, in Bahía Magdalena, Baja California Sur, Mexico. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 29:231-236.
Finet, Y., N. Tirado-Sanchez, A. Chiriboga, D. Ruiz and S. Banks, 2016 CDF Checklist of Galapagos marine mollusks - FCD Lista de especies de Moluscos Marinos Galápagos. In Bungartz, F.; Herrera, H.; Jaramillo, P.; Tirado, N.; Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G.; Ruiz, D.; Guézou, A.; Ziemmeck, F. (eds) Charles Darwin Foundation Galapagos Species Checklist - Lista de Especies de Galápagos de la Fundación Charles Darwin. Charles Darwin Foundation / Fundación Charles Darwin, Puerto Ayora, Galapagos.
Finlay, H.J., 1928 The recent Mollusca of the Chatham Islands. Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 59:232-286.
Fischer, W., G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.), 1981 Bivalves. 6: pag.var. In FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Central Atlantic (fishing areas 34, 47; in part). Canada Funds-in-Trust. Ottawa, Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, by arrangement with the Food and AgriculturesOrganization of the United Nations, 1-7: pag.var.
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Flores, L. and R. Licandeo, 2010 Size composition and sex ratio of Anadara tuberculosa and Anadara similis in a mangrove reserve from the northwest of Ecuador. Revista de Bíología y Oceanografia 45(N°3):541-546.
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Flores, L.A., 2010 Growth estimation of mangrove cockle Anadara tuberculosa (Mollusca:Bivalvia): application and evaluation of length-based methods. Rev. Biol. Trop. 59(1):159-170.
Florida Museum of Natural History, 2014 Anadara uropigimelana (Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1827). Dataset: Invertebrate Zoology, Accessed via on 2015-07-15.
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