Ecology of Peponocephala electra
Main Ref. Tan, J.M.L., 1995
Remarks Forms large social groups. Feeds on deep waters (Ref. 122680), on squid and small fish (Ref. 1394).

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Peponocephala electra may be found.


Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Ref. Tan, J.M.L., 1995
Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type Ref. Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber, 1993
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit Ref. Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber, 1993

Trophic Level(s)

Estimation method original sample unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 4.30
From individual food items 4.50 0.65 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
Ref. Pauly, D., A.W. Trites, E. Capuli and V. Christensen, 1998
(e.g. 9948)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sorongon-Yap, Patricia on 06.16.06
Modified by Polido, Rubyann Robelle on 08.28.20
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