Ecology of Solenocera africana
Main Ref. Holthuis, L.B., 1980
Remarks Occurs at depths of 50 to 450 m with juveniles common at 50 to 100 m (Ref. 8). Inhabits sand and mud bottoms. Feeds on benthic organisms (polychaetes, small crustaceans and mollusks (Ref. 434).

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Solenocera africana may be found.


Substrate Benthic: mobile; demersal; Soft Bottom: sand; mud;
Substrate Ref. Bianchi, G., K.E. Carpenter, J.-P. Roux, F.J. Molloy, D. Boyer and H.J. Boyer, 1999
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Ref. Crosnier, A. and J. Forest, 1969
Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type Ref.
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit Ref.

Trophic Level(s)

Estimation method original sample unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition polychaetes, small crustaceans and mollusks
From individual food items 3.41 0.44 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
Ref. Fischer, W., G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.), 1981
(e.g. 9948)
(e.g. cnidaria)
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