Ecology of Bugula neritina
Main Ref. Gappa, J.L., 2000
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Bugula neritina may be found.
Remarks Epibenthic, encrusting, erect (Ref. 116066). Found in rocky subtidal (Ref. 116251), on giant kelp fronds, pilings, and boats hulls to a depth of 80 meters (Ref. 865). Suspension feeder (Ref. 116251).


Substrate Benthic: sessile; Hard Bottom: rocky;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Beds: algae/seaweed; Other habitats: pilings; boat hulls;
Special habitats Ref. Gotshall, D.W., 2005


Ref. Gappa, J.L., 2000
associations colony-forming/symphorism;
Associated with
Association remarks


feeding type plants/detritus+animals (troph. 2.2-2.79)
feeding type ref Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce, 2017
feeding habit filtering plankton
feeding habit ref Ruppert, E.E., R.S. Fox and R.D. Barnes, 2004
trophic level(s)
original sample unfished population Remark
estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
From individual food items 2.63 0.28 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 9948)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by sealifebase team on 03.07.07
Modified by Polido, Rubyann Robelle on 09.26.17
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